Urinary Tract Infection

Are you experiencing pain or a burning sensation during urination, or perhaps lower abdominal pain or discomfort? These could be signs that you have a urinary tract infection. The good news is that Dr Hammond can help.

Dr Hammond prioritises women’s health and well-being, and understands the discomfort and inconvenience caused by urinary tract infections (UTIs). UTIs are common bacterial infections that affect the urinary system, including the bladder, urethra, ureters, and kidneys.

Our compassionate and professional team is here to support you and provide the highest quality of care throughout your UTI journey.

Understanding Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)

A urinary tract infection occurs when bacteria, most commonly Escherichia coli (E. coli), enters the urinary system. Women are more prone to UTIs due to their anatomical structure, which allows for easier access of bacteria to the urethra and bladder. UTIs can be classified based on the specific location they affect:

  • Cystitis: Cystitis is an infection that primarily affects the bladder. It is characterised by inflammation of the bladder lining and can cause symptoms such as frequent and urgent urination, pain or discomfort during urination, and cloudy or bloody urine.
  • Urethritis: Urethritis is an infection that affects the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. Symptoms of urethritis include burning or pain during urination, increased urinary frequency, and discharge from the urethra.
  • Pyelonephritis: Pyelonephritis is a more severe infection that affects the kidneys. It can lead to symptoms such as high fever, severe back or abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. Pyelonephritis requires immediate medical attention, as it can lead to complications if left untreated.

Urinary Tract Infection Diagnoses

Diagnosing a UTI involves a combination of medical history assessment, physical examination, and laboratory tests. Dr Hammond will take the time to listen to your concerns, conduct a thorough examination, and recommend appropriate diagnostic procedures. Common methods for diagnosing UTIs include:

  • Urinalysis: A urine sample is collected and analysed for the presence of bacteria, white blood cells, red blood cells, and other indicators of infection.


  • Urine Culture: In some cases, a urine culture may be performed to identify the specific bacteria causing the infection and determine the most effective antibiotic for treatment.
  • Imaging Tests: If recurrent UTIs or complicated infections are suspected, imaging tests such as ultrasound or computed tomography (CT) scan may be recommended to evaluate the urinary system.

Urinary Tract Infection Symptoms

  • Frequent urge to urinate
  • Pain or burning sensation during urination
  • Cloudy, bloody, or strong-smelling urine
  • Lower abdominal pain or discomfort
  • Fatigue or general malaise

Urinary Tract Infection Causes

UTIs are primarily caused by bacteria entering the urinary system. Common risk factors for UTIs include:

  • Poor personal hygiene
  • Sexual activity
  • Menopause and hormonal changes
  • Use of certain types of birth control
  • Urinary tract abnormalities or blockages
  • Weakened immune system

While it may not be possible to completely prevent UTIs, there are steps you can take to reduce the risk of developing an infection:

  • Drink plenty of water to promote frequent urination and flush out bacteria.
  • Maintain good hygiene practices, including wiping from front to back after using the toilet.
  • Urinate before and after sexual activity to help flush out bacteria.
  • Avoid using irritating feminine hygiene products or douches.
  • Wear breathable cotton underwear and avoid tight fitting clothing that can trap moisture and promote bacterial growth.

Urinary Tract Infection Treatment

When it comes to UTIs, prompt treatment is essential to alleviate symptoms, prevent complications, and promote healing. Treatment options for UTIs may include:

  • Antibiotics: The most common approach to treating UTIs involves a course of antibiotics to eliminate the bacterial infection. The specific antibiotic prescribed will depend on the type of bacteria causing the infection and other individual factors.
  • Pain Medication: Over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen may be recommended to alleviate pain and discomfort during urination.
  • Increased Fluid Intake: Drinking plenty of water and other fluids can help flush out bacteria and promote healing. It is important to stay hydrated throughout the treatment process.
  • Urinary Analgesics: In some cases, urinary analgesics may be prescribed to provide relief from urinary pain and discomfort.

During your consultation, Dr Hammond will provide detailed instructions on medication usage, potential side effects, and any necessary lifestyle modifications. It is crucial to complete the full course of antibiotics as prescribed, even if symptoms improve, to ensure complete eradication of the infection.

Compassionate Care and Support

We understand the impact that UTIs can have on your daily life and overall well-being. Our compassionate and professional team is dedicated to providing comprehensive care and support throughout your UTI treatment and recovery. We prioritise open communication, active listening, and personalised care to address your unique needs and concerns.

In addition to treatment, we can offer guidance on preventive measures and lifestyle adjustments to minimise the risk of recurrent UTIs. Regular check-ups and follow-up visits allow us to monitor your progress, evaluate treatment effectiveness, and address any on-going concerns. Our goal is to empower you with knowledge, support your healing journey, and help you achieve optimal urinary health.

Urinary tract infections can be uncomfortable and disruptive, but with proper diagnosis and treatment, you can overcome them and regain your well-being. Dr Hammond is here to provide compassionate care, accurate diagnoses, and effective treatment options tailored to your specific needs. Whether you suspect you have a UTI or have been diagnosed and seeking treatment, our dedicated team is ready to support you on your journey to urinary health. Contact our clinic today to schedule a consultation and take the first step towards effective UTI management and prevention.

Feel free to call us on 033 492 0254 or drop us an email at . We are located at Suite 7, Hilton Health, 3 Monzali Drive, Hilton, 3245. Your health matters to us.

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