Ovarian Cysts

Ovarian Cysts

Are you experiencing digestive issues, menstrual irregularities, or perhaps sharp pelvic pain? These are signs that you may have ovarian cysts. The good news is that there are treatment options available to you. Dr Hammond is a compassionate and understanding Hilton gynaecologist and obstetrician that provides comprehensive information and expert care and treatment to patients with ovarian cysts.


If you suspect or have been diagnosed with ovarian cysts, you have come to the right place. Our dedicated team of professionals understands the challenges and worries associated with this condition, and we are here to support you with compassionate care and effective treatment options

Understanding Ovarian Cysts

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that develop within or on the surface of the ovaries. These cysts are common and, in most cases, harmless. They often form as a regular part of the menstrual cycle and tend to resolve on their own without treatment. However, some cysts can cause discomfort and may require medical attention.

Diagnosing Ovarian Cysts

Diagnosing ovarian cysts involves a comprehensive evaluation to determine the type, size, and characteristics of the cyst. Dr Hammond utilises various diagnostic methods, including:

  • Medical History: We begin by discussing your symptoms, menstrual cycle patterns, and any relevant medical history.
  • Pelvic Examination: A thorough pelvic examination allows us to detect any abnormal growths or tenderness.
  • Imaging Techniques: Transvaginal ultrasound is a commonly used imaging method that provides detailed images of the ovaries and helps determine the size, location, and composition of the cysts.
  • Hormonal Assessment: Blood tests may be performed to evaluate hormone levels and determine if any hormonal imbalances contribute to the development of cysts.
  • Additional Imaging: In some cases, additional imaging techniques such as MRI or CT scans may be recommended to further assess the cysts’ characteristics.

Ovarian Cysts Signs

Most ovarian cysts are asymptomatic and are discovered incidentally during routine examinations or imaging tests. However, some women may experience symptoms when cysts grow larger or become complex. Common symptoms and signs of ovarian cysts include:

  • Pelvic Pain: Dull or sharp pelvic pain or a feeling of heaviness in the lower abdomen.
  • Menstrual Irregularities: Irregular or abnormal menstrual cycles, including heavier or lighter bleeding than usual.
  • Painful Intercourse: Discomfort or pain during sexual intercourse (dyspareunia).
  • Urinary Symptoms: Frequent urination, urgency, or difficulty emptying the bladder.
  • Digestive Issues: Bloating, nausea, or changes in bowel movements.
  • Infertility or Difficulty Conceiving: Large or complex cysts may interfere with ovulation and fertility.

Ovarian Cysts Causes

Ovarian cysts can develop for various reasons. The most common types of ovarian cysts include:

  • Functional Cysts: These are the most common type of cysts and are related to the normal function of the menstrual cycle. Follicular cysts and corpus luteum cysts are examples of functional cysts that typically resolve on their own.
  • Endometriomas: These cysts form when endometrial tissue grows outside the uterus and attaches to the ovaries, leading to the development of cysts known as endometriomas.
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): PCOS is a hormonal disorder characterised by the presence of multiple small cysts on the ovaries, along with other symptoms such as irregular periods, hormonal imbalances, and fertility issues.
  • Cystadenomas: These cysts develop from the ovarian tissue and can be filled with fluid or mucus. They are usually benign but can grow large and cause discomfort.
  • Dermoid Cysts: Dermoid cysts are rare ovarian cysts that develop from embryonic cells and can contain tissues such as hair, skin, and even teeth.
  • Tumours: In rare cases, ovarian cysts can be cancerous or precancerous. These tumours require immediate medical attention for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Ovarian Cysts that Rupture

Ovarian cysts that rupture can cause sudden and intense pain in the lower abdomen. When a cyst bursts, it releases its contents, which may include fluid or blood, into the pelvic cavity. This can irritate the surrounding tissues and cause inflammation, leading to sharp and severe abdominal pain. The pain associated with a ruptured ovarian cyst can be accompanied by other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, dizziness, and fainting.


In some cases, the pain may be localised to one side of the abdomen, depending on the location of the cyst. It is important to seek medical attention if you experience sudden and severe abdominal pain, as a ruptured ovarian cyst may require immediate evaluation and treatment.


In addition to the pain, a ruptured ovarian cyst may also cause complications. In rare cases, significant bleeding can occur, leading to internal haemorrhage and potentially requiring surgical intervention. If you suspect that you have a ruptured ovarian cyst or are experiencing severe abdominal pain, it is essential to contact Dr Hammond for a proper evaluation and guidance. Prompt medical attention can help manage the pain, assess any potential complications, and provide appropriate treatment to ensure your well-being.

Treatment Options for Ovarian Cysts

The treatment for ovarian cysts depends on several factors, including the type, size, and symptoms associated with the cyst. In many cases, small, asymptomatic cysts may not require treatment and can be monitored through regular check-ups. However, if the cyst is causing significant discomfort or if there are concerns about its nature, treatment options may include:

  • Watchful Waiting: For small, simple cysts that are not causing symptoms, we may recommend regular monitoring to assess any changes or growth over time.
  • Medications: Birth control pills or hormonal contraceptives may be prescribed to help regulate the menstrual cycle, prevent the formation of new cysts, and reduce the risk of complications.
  • Laparoscopic Surgery: If the cyst is large, persistent, or causing severe symptoms, a minimally invasive surgical procedure called laparoscopy may be performed. This procedure involves making small incisions in the abdomen to remove or drain the cyst while preserving the ovary.
  • Surgical Intervention: In cases where the cyst is suspected to be cancerous or if there are concerns about the cyst’s nature, a larger surgical procedure called laparotomy may be necessary. This involves a larger incision in the abdomen to remove the cyst and perform further investigations if needed.

Support and Follow-Up Care

We understand that dealing with ovarian cysts can be overwhelming, both physically and emotionally. Our team is dedicated to providing compassionate support and guidance throughout your treatment journey. We will ensure that you have a clear understanding of your diagnosis, available treatment options, and any necessary lifestyle modifications.


Regular follow-up visits are essential to monitor the cyst’s progress, evaluate symptoms, and make any necessary adjustments to the treatment plan. Our clinic offers a caring and supportive environment where you can openly discuss your concerns, ask questions, and receive the personalised care you deserve.


If you suspect or have been diagnosed with ovarian cysts, Dr Hammond is here to provide expert care and support. With our comprehensive diagnostic methods and a range of effective treatment options, we are dedicated to addressing your individual needs and helping you find relief.


Contact our office today to schedule an appointment and take the first step toward managing your ovarian cysts and optimising your reproductive health. Feel free to call us on 033 492 0254 or drop us an email at . We are located at Suite 7, Hilton Health, 3 Monzali Drive, Hilton, 3245. Your health matters to us.

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