Gynaecologic Cancer Screenings & Exams

Screening for Gynaecological Cancers: Early Detection for Women's Health

If you’re looking for a gynaecologist that prioritizes women’s health and well-being, then choose Dr Randall Hammond. Dr Hammond understands the importance of early detection and effective screening for gynaecological cancers. Regular screenings can significantly improve the chances of early diagnosis, leading to better treatment outcomes and increased survival rates.

Types of Gynaecological Cancers

Gynaecological cancers primarily affect the reproductive organs in women. The most common types include:

  • Cervical Cancer: This cancer develops in the cervix, the lower part of the uterus. It is often caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infection.
  • Ovarian Cancer: Ovarian cancer occurs in the ovaries, the female reproductive organs responsible for producing eggs. It is one of the most challenging gynaecological cancers to detect and is often diagnosed at an advanced stage.
  • Uterine (Endometrial) Cancer: Uterine cancer affects the lining of the uterus (endometrium). It typically presents with abnormal vaginal bleeding or postmenopausal bleeding.
  • Vaginal Cancer: Vaginal cancer develops in the cells of the vagina, the canal connecting the uterus to the external genitals. It is relatively rare but can occur in women of any age.
  • Vulvar Cancer: Vulvar cancer affects the external genital area (vulva) and is often characterised by persistent itching, pain, or changes in the appearance of the vulva.

Screening and Diagnosis

Screening plays a crucial role in the early detection of gynaecological cancers. It involves regular examinations and tests to identify any abnormal changes in the reproductive organs. The specific screening methods depend on the type of cancer being screened for. Common screening and diagnostic methods include:

  • Pap Test (Pap Smear): A Pap test is primarily used to screen for cervical cancer. During this simple procedure, a sample of cells is collected from the cervix and examined under a microscope for any abnormalities.
  • HPV Test: Human papillomavirus (HPV) testing is often done in conjunction with a Pap test to screen for cervical cancer. It detects the presence of high-risk HPV strains that can lead to cellular changes in the cervix.


  • Transvaginal Ultrasound: This imaging technique uses sound waves to create detailed images of the reproductive organs, such as the uterus and ovaries. It can help detect abnormalities or masses that may indicate ovarian or uterine cancer.
  • Biopsy: If abnormal cells or masses are detected during a screening test or physical examination, a biopsy may be performed. It involves the removal of a small sample of tissue for further analysis to confirm the presence of cancer.

Symptoms and Causes

While regular screenings are crucial, it is also important to be aware of the potential symptoms of gynaecological cancers. Common symptoms may include:

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge
  • Pelvic pain or discomfort
  • Painful intercourse
  • Changes in bowel or bladder habits
  • Unexplained weight loss or fatigue

The exact causes of gynaecological cancers are often unknown. However, certain risk factors can increase the likelihood of developing these cancers, including:

  • HPV infection
  • Family history of gynaecological cancers
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • Hormonal imbalances
  • Age (risk increases with age)
  • Treatment Options

If diagnosed with any type of gynae cancer, it is important to explore treatment options promptly. The choice of treatment depends on several factors, including the type and stage of the cancer, as well as the individual’s overall health and preferences. Treatment options for gynaecological cancers may include:

  • Surgery: Surgery is often the primary treatment for gynaecological cancers. It involves the removal of cancerous tissues, nearby lymph nodes, and, in some cases, reproductive organs. The extent of the surgery will depend on the stage and type of cancer.
  • Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy uses high-energy X-rays or other forms of radiation to destroy cancer cells or shrink tumours. It can be delivered externally (external beam radiation) or internally (brachytherapy), depending on the specific situation.
  • Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy involves the use of powerful medications to kill cancer cells or prevent their growth. It is often administered intravenously but can also be given orally. Chemotherapy may be used as the primary treatment or in combination with other therapies.
  • Targeted Therapy: Targeted therapy uses drugs that specifically target certain molecules or pathways involved in cancer growth. These medications can interfere with cancer cell growth and survival while minimising damage to healthy cells.
  • Hormone Therapy: Hormone therapy is primarily used in the treatment of certain gynaecological cancers, such as uterine and ovarian cancers. It involves the use of medications to block or suppress hormones that may promote cancer growth.
  • Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy is a rapidly evolving treatment approach that harnesses the body’s immune system to recognise and attack cancer cells. It can be used in some cases of gynaecological cancers to boost the immune response against cancer cells.

Support and Follow-Up Care

Dealing with a gynaecological cancer diagnosis can be emotionally and physically challenging. Our compassionate team is here to provide you with comprehensive support and care throughout your journey. We understand the unique needs of each individual and strive to ensure that you receive the highest level of support and guidance.


We offer on-going follow-up care to monitor your progress, assess treatment effectiveness, and address any concerns or side effects. Regular check-ups, imaging tests, and blood work may be conducted to detect any signs of recurrence or new developments. Our goal is to provide personalised care, empower you with information, and facilitate open communication to optimise your health and well-being.

Screening for any type of gynae cancer is vital for early detection and effective treatment. By prioritising regular screenings, you can significantly improve the chances of early diagnosis and successful outcomes. Dr Hammond is here to guide you through the screening process, provide accurate diagnoses, and develop personalised treatment plans tailored to your unique needs. 

With our expertise and compassionate care, we aim to support and empower you in your journey towards optimal gynaecological health. Contact our clinic today to schedule a screening and take the first step towards proactive cancer prevention and early detection.

Feel free to call us on 033 492 0254 or drop us an email. We are located at Suite 7, Hilton Health, 3 Monzali Drive, Hilton, 3245. Your health matters to us.

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